Glossary

In alphabetical order. To find a word, do Control + F (or Command + F on a Mac) to search for that word on this page. I add words as I think of them. If a word you are looking for is not on this page, please leave me a comment so I know to add it!

de novo lipogenesis – the enzymatic pathway for converting dietary carbohydrate (CHO) into fat. Strictly speaking, the “creation of fat from something that wasn’t fat to begin with”.

  • THE SCIENCE OF “TURNING CARBS TO FAT:” DE NOVO LIPOGENESIS AND HOW IT WORKS https://paleoleap.com/science-turning-carbs-to-fat-de-novo-lipogenesis/
  • De novo lipogenesis in humans: metabolic and regulatory aspects. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10365981

endogenous produced inside the body; having an internal cause or origin

exogenous produced outside the body, then added to the body; relating to or developing from external factors

glycogen n. GLY-co-gin | the stored form of glucose.

HYPOglycemia very low blood sugar levels

HYPERglycemia high-blood sugar levels consistently above 240 mg/dL

insulin resistance Insulin’s main job is to push glucose into cells to be used for fuel. When you have insulin resistance, your body ignores insulin so the glucose stays in your blood stream. The result is that your cells are not getting any fuel which leads to brain fog and fatigue!

ketogenesis n. key-toe-GEN-i-sis | the production of ketones in the body (i.e., when your liver produces ketones from your fatty acids, that’s ketogenesis).

ketogenic adj. key-toe-GEN-ick | forming, or able to stimulate, the production of ketone bodies

ketone n. KEY-tone | a chemical group; any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals. For example, acetone is a ketone.

ketosis n. key-TOE-sis | a high concentration of ketone bodies in the blood

lipogenesis n. lip-oh-GEN-i-sis | the process that converts sugars to fats, which are subsequently deposited and stored in fat tissue.

lipolysis n. lip-ALL-i-sis | the process of fat breakdown, typically to generate energy.

Occam’s Razor – if you are choosing among solutions, the simplest answer is probably the best answer.

TEF or thermic effect of food a.k.a. Specific dynamic action (SDA) – The increase in the body’s metabolic rate that is produced by the consumption, digestion, metabolism, and storage of food. Foods with relatively low thermic effects include fats and most carbohydrates. Carbohydrates, esp. sugars, cost the body relatively little energy to digest and metabolize. Protein has a higher TEF because it is harder to digest.